Water Issues, Policy, and Management
Policy institutions and organizations
- Africa: The African
Dedicated to the water sector in Africa, addressing issues such as
policy,resource management, supply and environmental sanitation, conservation
and demand management.
WaDImena --The Water Demand Initiative for the Middle East and North Africa (WaDImena) is a five-year project to promote the management of water demand in the region. WaDImena currently works in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, Bahrain, and Yemen.
WaDImena is turning attention toward a model based on future human needs and environmental sustainability. WaDImena advocates methods that focus on improving water-use efficiency, equity, and sustainability of existing water resources.
Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)
WEDC, of Loughborough University, UK, provides education, training,
research, and consultancy on planning, provision, and management of
water and sanitation infrastructure for development in low- and middle-income
countries. The site has several useful online publications on these
issues. Site is not specifically oriented to drylands.
- Middle East: Middle East Desalination
The MEDRC is an international organization located in the Sultanate
of Oman. Emerging from the Middle East Multilateral Peace Process,
MEDRC focuses on basic, applied, and sponsored research in the area
of desalination technology.
- USA: New Mexico Water Resources
The Institute, housed at New Mexico State University, funds research
into water problems critical to New Mexico and the Southwestern US.
- USA/International: USDA-ARS
Southwest Watershed Research Station
Basic and applied research in global change, hydrology and water
resources, erosion and sedimentation, water quality, and decision support
- USA/International: University
of Arizona Water Resources Research Center
Site includes full-text publications and maps, focus is largely Arizona, Southwestern USA, and Sonoran Desert.
Research projects and databases
- USA: The Arid West Water
Quality Research Project
EPA-funded project is to improve the scientific base for regulation
of water quality; protection of watercourses; and designation of appropriate
treated wastewater effluent controls in ephemeral and effluent-dependent
watercourses of the arid and semi-arid western states of the USA.
Tools for water management
Aquastat (FAO): Water in Agriculture and Rural Development
This FAO Programme produces regional analyses
and country profiles on water resources development, with emphasis on
irrigation and drainage. Focus to date is on Africa, the Near East and
the Former Soviet Union.
- Lifewater International - Technical Library
A collection of documents related to water supply, hygiene and sanitation most of which were developed by USAID in A SERIES titled, "Water For The World Technical Notes."
Extensive information provided by the Centre for Science and the Environment, a New Delhi, India based non-governmental organisation (NGO) promoting the revival of traditional systems of water harvesting as a practical solution for drought proofing the affected areas. The organisation has developed a comprehensive strategy for participatory, equitable and decentralised paradigm for water management.
Book of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in Africa
Book of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in Latin
America and the Caribbean
From UNEP, these two online manuals provide water resource managers
and planners with information on the range of technologies that have
been developed and used in the various countries throughout the world.
- Water Measurement Manual
3rd edition, 1997,
Revised reprint, 2001
The Water Measurement Manual is the official reference on irrigation water measurement for the Bureau of Reclamation and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The manual is available in several formats: online html, downloadable zipped files, and instructions for ordering the print version.
It provides water users and districts guidance
in use of water measurement devices, describes standard methods and
devices for measuring irrigation water, and acquaints irrigation managers
with special techniques.